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This is the page for the FRUBASE database, a huge dataset of fleshy fruit traits compiled from bibliographic references and my own work. Data are provided for more than 1000 plant species from all around the world.

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Contents of FRUBASE

VERSION 4.0. DECEMBER 2007. This is the new FRUBASE_2008 version.

This is the literature list for references of data in the main FRUBASE data file. The number corresponds to the codes included in variable NEWREF of the data file.

Reference list for species included in FRUBASE

1. Abrahamson, W.G. and C.R. Abrahamson. 1989. Nutritional quality of animal dispersed fruits in Florida sandridge habitats. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 116: 215-228.

2. Atramentowicz, M. 1988. La frugivorie opportuniste de trois marsupiaux didelphides de Guyane. Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 43: 47-57.

3. Beehler, B. 1983. Frugivory and polygamy in birds of paradise. Auk 100: 1-12.

4. Crome, F.H.J. 1975. The ecology of fruit pigeons in tropical Northern Queensland. Aust. Wildl. Res. 2: 155-185.

5. Debussche, M., J. Cortez and I. Rimbault. 1987. Variation in fleshy fruit composition in the mediterranean region: the importance of ripening season, life-form, fruit type, and geographical distribution. Oikos 49: 244-252.

6. Denslow, J.S. 1987. Fruit removal rates from aggregated and isolated bushes of the red elderberry, Sambucus pubens. Can. J. Bot. 65: 1229-1235.

7. Dinerstein, E. 1986. Reproductive ecology of fruit bats and the seasonality of fruit production in a Costa Rican cloud forest. Biotropica 18: 307-318.

8. Dowsett-Lemaire, F. 1988. Fruit choice and seed dissemination by birds and mammals in the evergreen forests of Upland Malawi. Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 43: 251-286.

9. Erard, C., M. Thery and D. Sabatier. 1989. Regime alimentaire de Rupicola rupicola (Cotingidae) en Guyane franćaise. Relations avec la frugivorie et lazoochorie. Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 44: 47-74.

10. Eriksson, O. and J. Ehrlen. 1991. Phenological variation in fruit characteristics in vertebrate-dispersed plants. Oecologia 86: 463-470.

11. Estrada, A., R. Coates-Estrada and C. Vazquez-Yanes. 1984. Observations on fruiting and dispersers of Cecropia obtusifolia at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Biotropica 16: 315-318.

12. Foster, M.S. 1977. Ecological and nutritional effects of food scarcity on a tropical frugivorous bird and its fruit source. Ecology 58: 73-85.

13. Foster, M.S. and R.W. McDiarmid. 1983. Nutritional value of the aril of Trichilia cuneata, a bird-dispersed fruit. Biotropica 15: 26-31.

14. French, K. 1991. Characteristics and abundance of vertebrate-dispersed fruits in temperate wet sclerophyll forest in southeastern Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 16: 1-13.

15. Frost, P.G.H. 1980. Fruit-frugivore interactions in a South African coastal dune forest. pp.: 1179-1184 in Editor. Acta XVII Cong. Int. Orn.

16. Godschalk, S.K.B. 1983. A biochemical analysis of the fruit of Tapinanthus leendertziae. S. Afr. J. Bot. 2: 42-45.

17. Herrera, C.M. 1987. Vertebrate-dispersed plants of the iberian peninsula: a study of fruit characteristics. Ecol. Monogr. 57: 305-331.

18. Hladik, A. and C.M. Hladik. 1969. Rapports trophiques entre végetation et primates dans la fôret de Barro Colorado (Panama). Terre Vie 23: 25-117.

19. Howe, H.F. 1981. Dispersal of neotropical nutmeg (Virola sebifera) by birds. Auk 98: 88-98.

20. Howe, H.F. and Kerckhove Vande G.A. 1981. Removal of wild nutmeg (Virola surinamensis) crops by birds. Ecology 62: 1093-1106.

21. Izhaki, I. and U.N. Safriel. 1989. Why are there so few exclusively frugivorous birds? Experiments on fruit digestibility. Oikos 54: 23-32.

22. Johnson, R.A., M.F. Willson, J.N. Thompson and R.I. Bertin. 1985. Nutritional values of wild fruits and consumption by migrant frugivorous birds. Ecology 66: 819-827.

23. Jordano, P. 1983. Fig-seed predation and dispersal by birds. Biotropica 15: 38-41.

24. Keeler-Wolf, T. 1988. Fruit and consumer differences in three species of trees shared by Trinidad and Tobago. Biotropica 20: 38-48.

25. Lambert, F. 1989. Fig-eating by birds in a Malaysian lowland rain forest. J. Trop. Ecol. 5: 401-412.

26. Levey, D.J. and W.H. Karasov. 1989. Digestive responses of temperate birds switched to fruit or insect diets. Auk 106: 675-686.

27. McDiarmid, R.W., R.E. Ricklefs and M.S. Foster. 1977. Dispersal of Stemmadennia donnell-smithii (Apocyanaceae) by birds. Biotropica 9: 9-25.

28. McPherson, J.M. 1987. A field study of winter fruit preferences of Cedar waxwings. Condor 89: 293-306.

29. Morrison, D.W. 1980. Efficiency of food utilization by fruit bats. Oecologia (Berl.) 45: 270-273.

30. Nagy, K.A. and K. Milton. 1979. Aspects of dietary quality, nutrient assimilation and water balance in wild howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata). Oecologia (Berl.) 39: 249-258.

31. O'Dowd, D.J. and P.S. Lake. 1991. Red crabs in rain forest, Christmas Island: removal and fate of fruits and seeds. J. Trop. Ecol. 7: 113-122.

32. Pannell, C.M. and M.J. Koziol. 1987. Ecological and phytochemical diversity of arillate seeds in Aglaia (Meliaceae): a study of vertebrate dispersal in tropical trees. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 316: 303-333.

33. Piper, J.K. 1986. Seasonality of fruit characters and seed removal by birds. Oikos 46: 303-310.

34. Restrepo, C. 1987. Aspectos ecológicos de la diseminación de cinco especies de muérdagos por aves. Humboldtia 1: 65-116.

35. Rogers, M.E., F. Maisels, E.A. Williamson, M. Fernández and C.E.G. Tutin. 1990. Gorilla diet in the Lopé Reserve, Gabon: a nutritional analysis. Oecologia (Berl.) 84: 326-339.

36. Sherburne, J.A. 1972. Effects of seasonal changes in the abundance and chemistry of the fleshy fruits of northeastern woody shrubs on patterns of exploitation by frugivorous birds. Ph. D. Thesis, Cornell Univ. 157 pp.

37. Snow, B.K. 1977. Territorial behavior and courtship of the male three-wattled bellbird. Auk 94: 623-645.

38. Snow, B.K. 1979. The oilbirds of Los Tayos. Wilson Bull. 91: 457-461.

39. Snow, D.W. 1962. The natural history of the Oilbird, Steatornis caripensis, in Trinidad, W.I. Part 2. Population, breeding ecology and food. Zoologica 47: 199-221.

40. Snow, D.W. 1981. Tropical frugivorous birds and their food plants: a world survey. Biotropica 13: 1-14.

41. Sourd, C. and A. Gauthier-Hion. 1986. Fruit selection by a forest guenon. J. Anim. Ecol. 55: 235-244.

42. Thomas, D.W. 1984. Fruit intake and energy budgets of frugivorous bats. Physiol. Zool. 57: 457-467.

43. Viljoen, S. 1983. Feeding habits and comparative feeding rates of three Southern African arboreal squirrels. S. Afr. J. Zool. 18: 378-387.

44. Walsberg, G.E. 1975. Digestive adaptations of Phainopepla nitens associated with the eating of mistletoe berries. Condor 77: 169-174.

45. Wheelwright, N.T., W.A. Haber, K.G. Murray and C. Guindon. 1984. Tropical fruit-eating birds and their food plants: a survey of a Costa Rican lower montane forest. Biotropica 16: 173-192.

46. White, S.C. 1974. Ecological aspects of growth and nutrition in tropical fruit-eating birds. Ph. D. Thesis, Univ. of Pennsylvania. 145 pp.

47. Williams, C.K. 1982. Nutritional properties of some fruits eaten by the possum Trichosurus vulpecula in a new zealand broadleaf-podocarp forest. New Zealand J. Ecol. 5: 16-20.

48. Worthington, A.H. 1989. Adaptations for avian frugivory: assimilation efficiency and gut transit time of Manacus vitellinus and Pipra mentalis. Oecologia (Berl.) 80: 381-389.

49. Herrera, C.M. and P. Jordano, unpublished data.